Are sin, iniquity, and transgression synonyms?

In Psalm 32:5, the psalmist says, “I acknowledged my sin to you and did not cover up my iniquity. I said, ‘I will confess my transgressions to the LORD.’” In this one verse, “sin,” “iniquity,” and “transgression” are all mentioned, but  each word carries a subtly different meaning.

Sin means “to miss the mark.” It can refer to doing something against God or against a person (Exodus 10:16), doing the opposite of what is right (Galatians 5:17), doing something that will have negative results (Proverbs 24:33–34), and failing to do something you know is right (James 4:17). In the Old Testament, God even instituted sacrifices for unintentional sins (Numbers 15:27). Sin is the general term for anything that “falls short of the glory of God” (Romans 3:23).

Strong’s Greek and Hebrew Dictionary:

Sin – #2403 from #2398; an offense (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty; also (concretely) an offender.

Iniquity – #5771 from #5753; perversity, i.e. (moral) evil.

Transgression -#6588 from #6586; a revolt (national, moral, or religious): -rebellion.

The New Testament word for sin is from Strong’s #264 properly to miss the mark (and so not to share in the prize), i.e. (fig.) to err, esp. (morally) to sin.

In the New Testament the word iniquity is #458, illegality, i.e. violation of law or (generally) wickedness.

Transgression in the New Testament is found as #3845 in Strong’s Dictionary: to go contrary to, i.e. violate a command. Transgression shows open rebellion.

Sin leads to a downward progression that, without the restoring power of the Holy Spirit, we all tend toward. The practice of sinning leads to iniquity or perversion. In this condition someone crosses a line or climbs a fence that he should not cross or climb. Iniquity is a practiced thought or action which could be called an addiction. It deeply offends the Lord because it is a substitute for His grace and mercy.

Iniquity is deeply rooted and refers to a premeditated choice; to commit iniquity is to continue without repentance. David’s sin with Bathsheba that led to the killing of her husband, Uriah, was iniquity (2 Samuel 11:3–4; 2 Samuel 12:9). Micah 2:1 says, “Woe to those who plan iniquity, to those who plot evil on their beds! At morning’s light they carry it out because it is in their power to do it.” In David’s psalm of repentance, he cries out to God, saying, “Wash away all my iniquity and cleanse me from my sin” (Psalm 51:2).

God forgives iniquity, as He does any type of sin when we repent (Jeremiah 33:8; Hebrews 8:12). However, iniquity ( addiction) left unchecked leads to a state of willful sin with no fear of God. The build-up of unrepentant sin is sometimes pictured as a “cup of iniquity” being filled to the brim (Revelation 17:4; Genesis 15:16). Continued iniquity leads to unnatural affections, which leads to a reprobate mind. Romans 1:28–32 outlines this digression in vivid detail. The sons of Eli are biblical examples of reprobates whom God judged for their transgressions/open rebellion (1 Samuel 3:13–14). Rather than repent, Eli’s sons continued in their abominations until repentance was no longer possible.

Regardless of how depraved a human heart may become, Jesus’ death on the cross is sufficient to cover all sin (John 1:29; Romans 5:18). Psalm 32:5 ends with these words: “And you forgave the guilt of my sin.” The only sin that God cannot forgive is the final rejection of the Holy Spirit’s drawing to repentance – the ultimate fruit of a reprobate mind (Matthew 12:32; Luke 12:10).


The Political Spirit Is Killing Our Babies

I have asked permission to repost this post by Kris Vallotton in its entirity because it resonates with my heart. At the bottom is the link to his blog site.  -Joyce

The political spirit creates a culture where sharing the obvious will relegate you to punishment.

For example — a fetus is a baby.

Why is mainstream culture so blinded to this obvious reality? Or afraid to say it out loud?

Furthermore, why do we succumb to the loudest opinion in culture, instead of seeing clearly what is so obviously true? Have we really relegated the main messaging in society to the one who has the loudest bark or deepest pockets?

The fear of punishment, fueled by a political spirit, will silence us if we’re not aware of its schemes.

It’s time we wake up to the reality that a political spirit cannot and must not punish us into submission!

Old Tricks from a Political Agenda

Lying agendas that keep people in denial and deception have been common throughout the ages. In the early 1600s, a scientist named Galileo, who through the use of the telescope, observed that the earth revolved around the sun and not the sun around the earth. The Catholic Church was the political force of that day, and Galileo’s scientific discovery opposed the Church’s theology, so the Pope tried him under suspicion of heresy.

The Church authorities forced him to renounce his discoveries and placed him under house arrest, where he lived out the last years of his life. Galileo was not allowed to state the obvious because it was politically incorrect. Through a highly developed system of punishment, the Catholic Church of that day relegated the general public to ignorance and lies.

Although religion still rules supreme in the political arena, it is no longer the Catholic Church that defines the political agenda of the post-modern age, but rather the religion of Secular Humanism.

Secular Humanism is to our day what the Catholic Church was to Galileo’s day. Humanism controls popular thought and, through a highly developed system of punishment, holds the contemporary intellect in ignorance, making it costly to acknowledge the obvious and embrace the observable.

The Catholic Church built huge, beautiful cathedrals where the priests would stand and proclaim their philosophies, molding the minds of their constituents and defining their reality. But in the post-modern era, you don’t have to go to church anymore because it comes to you.

The television sets of today are the cathedrals of yesterday and the media is the priesthood of Secular Humanism.

With well-defined doctrines and highly aggressive evangelistic crusades, these new “high priests” work to proselytize unbelievers and crucify those who won’t convert. You might say, “I don’t see the media trying anyone in court as heretics like the Catholics did. We live in a modern world where many different views are welcome. America is the land of free speech.”

Well, if you believe that, then just try telling someone in the news media that abortion isn’t ok. Or try even suggesting to the media high priest that, although men and women are equal, they are different.

You will discover what Galileo and his contemporaries experienced in their day—intense persecution! As far as Secular Humanists are concerned, you only have a right to their opinion!

He Who Has the Gold Makes Cultural Realities

Many doctors and scientists (not all of them) have bent to this political pressure and refuse to acknowledge the observable. It’s important to note here that scientists who believe in something that is politically incorrect today may not get arrested as they did in Galileo’s day. They will, however, be poor for the rest of their lives because the political system controls the funding for most of the scientific community.

In other words, being politically incorrect as a scientist is financial suicide!

Make no mistake about it; abortion is a 90 billion dollar industry that drives a huge part of our global economy. The Civil War was really fought over this same premise. The southern states didn’t want to give up slavery because they had an agricultural economy and inexpensive slave labor was driving much of it. History does repeat itself!

Invention Is Supposed to Lead to Innovation

When Galileo perfected the telescope (he didn’t actually invent it), a whole new world was discovered. Many previous theories became outdated, and astronomy took a huge step forward, or at least it tried to.

Today, the sonogram is to modern medicine what the telescope was to the astronomers of Galileo’s age. We can now observe the development of fetuses in the womb and see how they respond to different conditions interjected into their tiny environment. What we have learned about early fetal development through the advent of the sonogram is no less than astounding. It should be completely altering the modern view of abortion because we can now witness with our own eyes the fact that the fetus feels pain and fights for the right to live as it is literally eaten alive by saline solution (acid) that is injected into its mother’s womb to abort it.

But the extreme political pressure that is being applied by the Humanist high priests is keeping us in the dark ages of religious doctrines and holding us to theories that are seriously outdated.

It is absurd that modern science has worked unceasingly in order to recreate, through artifacts billions of years old, the history of prehistoric creatures and proposes a complete account of the ecosystem that existed millions of years ago, while simultaneously humming and hawing persistently over asserting the idea that a fetus is a baby.

Rise Up, and Be Courageous!

To date, many modern scientists have not had the courage of Galileo but instead have succumbed to the pressure of the humanist agenda and exchanged facts for fallacies and fables.

Where are the Galileos of our day? Where are the brave souls with brilliant minds who refuse to let the presuppositions of past generations and political agendas of special interest groups pervert their scientific discoveries? Leading scientists need to break the shackles of this political spirit and enlighten us about the true origin of human life in the womb of a woman.

They need to verify the observable and testify as expert witnesses in the highest courts of our land. The earth does revolve around the sun, and a fetus is a human being!

Even if you’re not a scientist, you can still play a role in the solution to abortion! Be a conduit for mobilization. Speak up, get involved at a grass-roots level in your community, have a say in your local PTA or City Council, and write to your representatives to express your opinions.

Beyond that, foster, adopt, get involved in the lives of women who are pregnant and not married! The Body of Christ can’t simply protest this issue without being a part of the solution!

I know this is a sensitive subject, and this is not the final word on abortion or the inception of life, but I won’t be silent simply because I can’t fit all of my thoughts into one post. I’d love to hear what you think in the comments, and please remember to be respectful as you share.